Energy Conservation

As energy costs continue to rise, knowledge of energy efficient technologies and best practices are becoming more valuable. While these practices have slowly gained acceptance within the water and wastewater industries, increasingly strained budgets coupled with aging infrastructure make energy efficiency a feasible option to save money. Through desire and innovation, our staff has kept the Authority on the cutting edge of energy efficient technologies. As eluded to in the history page of this website the Authority, for the most part, pioneered microturbine technology utilizing anaerobic digester off-gases. In fact, its pilot program was the first of its kind to be successful in North America. That 30 KW digester gas-fired microturbine generator provided the Authority with yet another opportunity to apply current technology with exceptional pay back that proved to further reduce its increasing energy demands.

Upon completion of the Anaerobic Digestion Complex Refurbishment and Upgrade Project in the spring of 2007, the production of digester gases not only increased significantly, but their rate of generation was more stable and easier to predict. During 2008 it became apparent that the Authority should move from the microturbine Pilot Scale generation of electricity to Full Scale, as such a Co-Generation Project Technology Evaluation was undertaken.
Our evaluation focused on microturbine and internal combustion engine technologies. Equipment manufacturers of the above-referenced technologies were provided with current operating data which defined annual digester gas production and digester gas properties. They were requested to select the size and quantity of their equipment with the ultimate goal of providing the maximum annual electrical energy and heat production as a function of available digester gas. Other pertinent data required to be provided by the equipment manufacturers included expected emission rates, the capital cost of equipment including gas conditioning systems, noise, delivery time, and description of proposed factory protection plan and associated cost of the plan.

Once all information was received from the equipment manufacturers, staff and consultants proceeded to conduct life cycle analyses for each of the responses received in the effort to identify the most cost-effective technology for the Authority’s co-generation project. The life cycle analyses considered equipment capital cost, potential rebate amount, annual electrical and natural gas energy savings, and cost of the factory protection plan. The present value of all costs, rebate amount and energy savings was calculated over a nine 9 year timeframe (duration of a standard factory protection plan) at an interest rate of 3%. The technology has the highest net present value was deemed to be the most cost-effective technology. Non-cost factors were also considered in the overall technical evaluation which included the amount of excess gas required to be flared via the waste gas burners, emission rates, and noise. All pertinent data had been compiled and summarized in an “Evaluation Summary- Microturbines verses Internal Combustion Engines”.

As a result of that analysis, the internal combustion engines proposed by Senergie (2 units at 140 kW each) exhibited the highest present value and therefore were deemed to be the most cost-effective technology for the Authority’s co-generation project. In addition, the proposed combined heat and power co-generation system proposed by Senergie utilizes all available digester gas for the production of electrical and heat energy and therefore will not require flaring of excess digester gas, satisfies the allowable emission rates, and easily met established noise criteria of 70dB (A) at a distance of 1 meter (3.3 feet) from the equipment. In fact at the assumed property line of the Authority (a distance of 25 feet from the co-generation equipment), the noise level at this distance reduces to 52 dB(A) which is equivalent to the noise produced by a window air conditioner unit.

Based upon the recommendation of staff the Authority once again decided to move forward with a significant capital investment in an effort to reduce its dependency on third-party energy providers, reduce its carbon footprint, and moreover insulate its User-base form upward spiraling and out of Authority control increases in energy cost.
By the spring of 2010, the project had been designed, publically bid, constructed. The system underwent start-up operations during February and was officially placed into service on March 1, 2010. The table below clearly demonstrates the effectiveness of the project.

 JAN235,250146,289  88,96137.82%  9,786
 FEB187,291129,746  57,54530.72%  6,330
 MAR193,579136,861  56.71829.30%  6,239
 APRIL194,282113,464  80,81841.60%  9,698
 MAY215,240  99,169116,07153.93%13,929
 JUNE  93,726  97,542  -3,816 -4.07%   -458
 OCT203,993  99,800104,19351.08%12,503
 NOV205,679109,117  96,56246.95%N/A
 DEC218,573132,311  86,26239.47%  9,489
 JAN217,992123,642  94,35043.28%10,379
 FEB204,030134,525  69,50534.07%  7,646
 MAR166,126  88,532  77,59446.71%  4,656
 APRIL190,896124,294  66,60234.89%  7,326
 MAY203,729  81,441122,28860.02%14,675
 JUNE200,369  68,427131,94265.85%15,833
 JULY212,253  66,629145,62468.61%17,475
 AUG213,883  78,758135,12563.18%16,215
 SEPT191,964  79,542112,42258.56%14,615
 OCT190,183  84,847105,33655.39%12,640
 NOV199,351  96,559102,79251.56%12,335
 DEC220,213132,704  87,50939.74%  9,626
 JAN224,126135,481  88,64539.55%  9,751
 FEB202,760132,655  70,10534.58%  7,712
 MAR214,362134,142  80,22037.42%  8,824
 APRIL189,225  79,958109,26757.74%13,112
 MAY200,945  69,516131,42965.41%15,771
 JUNE206,492  73,171133,32164.56%15,999
 JULY218,512  75,547142,96565.43%17,156
 AUG217,258  80,308136,95063.04%16,434
 SEPT205,616109,789  95,82746.60%11,499
 OCT198,509  96,675101,83451.30%12,220
 NOV192,966  94,638  98,32850.96%12,783
 DEC194,008  74,725119,28361.48%14,314
 JAN196,423  93,342103,08152.48%12,370
 FEB210,741120,461  90,28042.84%10,834
 MAR181,639  82,774  98,86554.43%11,864
 APRIL184,985  77,111107,87458.31%12,945
 MAY187,080  68,942118,13863.15%15,358
 JUNE202,083  68,171133,91266.27%17,409
 JULY217,754  82,865134,88961.95%17,226
 SEPT216,854  93,808123,04656.74%15,148
 OCT203,846  84,281119,56558.65%14,846
 NOV190,853  88,147102,70653.81%12,854
 JAN209,843  98,658111,18552.98%14,127
 FEB201,118112,474  88,64444.08%11,285
 MAR181,290  78,167103,12356.88%14,324
 APRIL147,702  41,424106,27871.95%16,292
 MAY208,347  92,231116,11655.73%15,219
 JUNE223,457135,217  88,24039.49%10,693
 JULY211,425120,885  90,54042.82%11,086
 NOV224,896131,106  93,79041.70%  9,540
 JAN234,788135,215  99.57342.41%10,013
 FEB186,526  88,697  97,82952.45%10,199
 MAR182,375  85,445  96,93053.15%  9,507
 APRIL190,739102,911  87,82846.05%  9,124
 MAY207,368116,029  91,33944.05%  9,415
 JUNE212,506  94,980117,52655.30%13,180
 JULY216,201  89,088127,11358.79%14,401
 SEPT208,222113,496  94,72645.49%10,081
 OCT187,431118,337  69,09436.86%  7,262
 NOV217,652172,669  44,98320.67%  4,489
 JAN206,762184,355  22,40710.84%  2,216
 FEB160,450  80,192  80,25850.02%  8,457
 MAR158,483  54,452104,03165.64%11,774
 APRIL159,753  43,073116,68073.04%14,084
 MAY210,616  82,144128,47261.00%14,668
 JUNE204,078136,431  67,64733.15%  7,168
 JULY215,465  84,257131,20860.90%15,413
 SEPT224,122  82,597141,52563.15%15,988


The Authority remains firmly committed to its energy conservation program, and has put in place the following Best Management Practices to ensure it’s continued efforts into the future:

* Benchmark it’s energy consumption to that of other similar facilities.

*Performed continued assessments to identify best practices to save energy.

* Established a capital improvement program to generate funds to implement energy-efficiency projects.

* Appointed an energy advocate among facility staff to champion energy-efficiency projects.

* Instituted a program to continuously monitor, review and assess energy consumption on a monthly and yearly basis.

* Developed and maintained communications with management to increase awareness of the value of energy management.